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Page Index of Forest to Field Volume One

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Township 18, Range 18 W, Township 18, Range 17 W, homesteaders to December 31st, 1890.

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In 1869 the Dominion Government acquired the western prairies from the Hudson's Bay Company for the sum of $1,500,000. The Hudson's Bay Company retained sections eight and twenty-six of each township. By 1874, the treaties with the Indians, in which they gave up their ownership to the land, were complete and reservations were allotted to them at the rate of 160 acres to a family of five. Surveyors were sent out and the system of marking the land in square mile blocks was adopted. Surveying work was planned to just keep ahead of im­ migration. When the c.p .R_ was built, large tracts of land were given to the company by the Dominion Government as part payment. Fifty million acres in

western Canada were allocated for this purpose. In this area, all odd-numbered sections on each side of the line became the property of the Manitoba and N. W. Railway (later C.N.R.). Sections eleven and twenty-nine were labelled School Lands. The remainder was open for homesteading. Any person over twenty-one years of age could apply for a homestead of 160 acres. This land would be patented to the settler when he had resided on it for at least six months of each of three years and had broken ten acres the first year and fifteen acres in the second and third years. A homesteader had the right to buy a second quarter section as a pre-emption at the price of $1.00 per acre.

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