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Pastor Odelberg standing besidejox pelts.

SAWMILLS

by Lil Wilmot

Anyone who has not smelt the fresh, sappy smell of a new pile of shavings, and the steam that belched out from the steam engines smoke stack, and heard the whiz of the circular saws that sawed the logs into lumber, have in­ deed missed one of the most colorful operations of by gone days.

Sawmills were a common sight in the Rural Municipality of Clanwilliam, having a lot of timber land, and men who from their homeland were well acquinted with logging and sawmills. So it is understandable that our forefathers saw the advantages of sawing their own lumber, for their own use in constructing shelters for their families and whatever stock they might own. They also knew that the sale of the lumber to the settlers south of the colony would help them out financially.

Winter was the time for logging, timber plentiful, both spruce, jack pine and poplar. Landowners were able to cut logs on their own property and when a good stand of timber became scarce, with the opening up of the set-

Sawmill crew. Fred Ostrom, Albin Wickstrom, Albin Olsen, Fritz Bergwall, Nora Bergwall, Axel Larson, two persons unidentijied.

tiement, those who wished to take out logs, applied for a permit to cut logs, or applied for timber for those who wished to log on a bigger scale. These permits were let on standing timber as a rule on government holdings.

The sawmills were set up where water was readily available, to produce the steam in the engine, that ran the pullies and belts that put the mill into action.

When the logs had been cut and hauled by horse and sleighs equipped only with bunks into the mill site, the logs were piled on the skid-way where the logs were scaled, a procedure for measuring the board feet of lumber to be sawed from a designated pile of logs. The skid-way was close to the carriage. The canter with his cant hook would roll and position the logs onto the carriage, which in turn carried the logs to the saw. The sawyer, sawed the logs, regulated the lever to determine the width of the lumber. The tail sawyer was ready to handle the sawed lumber, separating the lumber from the slabs. The slabs being the outer cuts of the logs, these were used to fire the steam engine. The engineer, a man familiar with steam engines, was in full control of the

Hauling timber.

Arvid Ullberg, Victor Walstrom and Axel Nyquist sawing a huge log.

Are you lonely, 0 my brother? Share your little with another! Stretch a hand to one unfriended, And your lonelines is ended.

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