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Advance Steam Threshing Outfit owned by Peter J. Kehler and Henry Harder in

1905. This outfit operated in the Gretna-Gruenthal area.

Credit: Tina Rempel

Repeated croppings of wheat and other grains, however, began to exhaust the land and by 1906 weed problems began to reappear further lowering yields. 18 Between 1902 and 1914 yields were never more than average, with wheat prices ranging between 60 and 90 cents a bushel. 19 The year 1912, in fact, produced a significant crop failure as hail destroyed the crops of a number of villages and a wet summer and fall prevented the harvest in many other fields. 20 This downturn in agricul­ ture corresponded with the end of farm prosperity in the rest of Western Canada as land and wheat prices dropped.

Fig. 15 Farm Statistics R.M. of Rhineland 1901-1914

Year 1901 1906 1914

Pop. Farmers

9157 1074
8080 1198
8344 1325


Cultivation 162470 173422 178458

Horses 6190 6118 6956

Cattle 5918 3522 6456

Sheep 710 831 697

Pigs 5512 4046 5211

Source: Assessment Rolls

There was some expansion in the land brought under cultivation, but not as much as the growth of the 1890 's. The most significant change came in the Plum Coulee and Rosenfeld area where drainage opened new lands to grain farming. By 1909 Plum Coulee had become one of the premier grain shipment centers in Rhineland.