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Fig. 16 Elevator Capacity 1909 No. of

Elevators

6

4

5

6

Capacity in bushels 128,000 131,000 79,000 182,000

Gretna Altona Rosenfeld Plum Coulee

Source: John Warkentin, Mennonite Settlements of Southern Manitoba, page 307.

More significant was the population loss in the municipality as migration to Saskatchewan and Alberta continued. Young farmers, unable to make a start in Rhineland, were steadily leaving for the cheap lands in the west. This problem was most acute in the Reinlaender or Old Colony areas in township 1 range 3, township 1 range 4 and township 2 range 4 west, where farms were most concentrated.

Fig. 17 Agricultural Statistics by Township 1906

Township I-IE l-IW 1-2W 1-3W 1-4W 2-IW 2-2W 2-3W 2-4W 3-1W 3-2W 3-3W

Acres of

Field Crops 16,562 17,448 13,885 12,167 16,644 14,961 15,092 15,608 16,122

6,190 10,776 14,876

Field Crops

Per Farm 184 162 138 102 110 164 150 140 124 162 118 148

Source: Census of Canada 1906.

No. of Farms

90 108 101 119 151

91 105 112 130

38 90 100

Every spring before W. W.I., newspapers mentioned trainloads of families leaving for Saskatchewan and Alberta. At different times almost the entire villages of Blumenort and Blumenfeld were planning to emigrate." This emigration was further facilitated by the reservation of 21 townships for Mennonite settlement around Swift Current and Quill Lake in 1903. In 1906 alone, the Reinlaender Church listed 78 farmers wishing to relocate. 22

With this continued emigration land transfers and subdivisions also increased, peaking in 1904 and 1910-1911.23 These land sales and transfers speeded up the dissolution of Mennonite farm villages. The reasons for village breakup have already been touched upon, but in 1902

103