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By this time, however, a large number of Mennonites and sixteen Hutterite colonies had been established in western Canada. Six of these Hutterite colonies were located in Manitoba.

The Hutterites that settled in Manitoba were known as the Schmiedeleut and came from South Dakota. They purchased land in the Elie district, west of Winnipeg and established a number of communal colonies. These initial colonies, however, proved too small for the growing population and more land was purchased. Between 1918 and 1929 four additional colonies were founded in Manitoba, one of which was located in Rhineland. The colony became known as the Blumengart Colony, since the Hutterites had purchased the Blumengart Village lands from Mennonites departing from Mexico in 1922.

The war also influenced a number of other developments which affected the quality of life in the R.M. of Rhineland. The demand for Canadian foodstuffs during the war stimulated agricultural production and raised the prices of agricultural products. Receiving good prices for their wheat, Rhineland farmers increased their already heavy con­ centration on wheat farming.

This specialization in wheat continued through the 1920's and would cause severe dislocations in the 1930's.

The greatest impact on the R.M. of Rhineland during this period, however, was caused by the changes in the educational laws of Manitoba and the Russian Revolution. The first would lead to the mass emigration

Ploughing in the Strassburg area in the 1920's. John Klassen is standing behind the tractor and John Harder in front. The tractor is a International 1 0-20 Titan.