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townships bounded on the north by the Seine River and on the west by the Rat River. This area corresponds closely to the present day Hanover Municipality and was then known as the Mennonite Reserve. During the next six years another 5,000 Mennonites settled in Manitoba neces­ sitating the formation of another reserve - later known as the West Reserve.

The Arrival of Mennonites aboard the steamer "International" in 1874.

Credit: PAM

Table I Number of Mennonite Immigrants to Manitoba by Year

Year No. of Mennonite Immigrants
1874 1407 .
1875 3199
1876 1339
1877 183
1878 270
1879 207
1880 64
Total 6674

Source: Frank H. Epp, Mennonites in Canada, Vol. l , page 201.

The journey from Russia to Manitoba in 1875 was long and hard and involved trips by ship, train and finally oxcart on the last leg of the journey. Many of these experiences have been recorded in the diary of Jacob Fehr (1854-1952) who made the trip as a boy of 16.1

The Russian Mennonites left their villages and travelled by boat on the Black Sea to Odessa. From here they crossed Germany by train and

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