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under cultivation. The railway had come through in 1882 but at that time only a telegraph office and small station had been constructed at the junction of the Pembina Mountain and Gretna branch. No development occurred until increased immigration and agricultural expansion opened the area in the 1890's. By 1891 two elevators and a grain warehouse were under construction and in 1892 the C.P.R. had the town surveyed. Development, however, was held up somewhat by the lack of drainage in the north and the presence of Plum Coulee to the west.

Plum Coulee around the turn of the Century.

Table 11 Religion and Origins of Plum Coulee 1901


Roman Catholic Anglican Presbyterian Methodist

Baptist Mennonite Lutheran Congregationalist Jew


Various Sects Unspecified



5 76 13 23

119 105 I

37 2 2 1


Origin British German Russian Jewish

Source: Census of Canada

The last trading center to develop before the tum of the century was Altona. As early as 1890 the people in the vicinity of the Old Altona village had expressed hopes that a railway station would be opened there, eliminating the long trip to Gretna and Rosenfeld." In response to this demand the C.P.R. built a new siding half a mile north of the village


42 308 7 37