This page is a text version of the Beckoning Hills History Book. This is the story of the Turtle Mountain Area of Manitoba. You can get a PDF copy of the book on our full version page. The PDF copy is an exact page by page representation of the original book. This text version has been reformated for the web and contains text recognition mistakes. These mistakes do not appear in the full version. The full version also includes each image in the original book.

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As a factor in the production of wealth, the buildings were of importance. The first houses were sod shanties, which were not models of architecture, but they had the merit of being economical to construct as the only tool required was a plow. The upturned sods were picked up and placed one upon the other, breaking the joints. One door and one window served the purposes of the house­ hold, and the roof was made of poles surmounted by a layer of sods. Following the sad shanties came the log house, which in turn was The floors were likewise made of poles levelled with an adze. displaced by frame buildings patterned after the dwellings in Ontario. In the early days of the present century, large houses of brick or cement blocks became common to accommodate the larger families which were then the order of the day. The earliest barns were of the most promitive type, but with the increase in stock more elaborate barns were constructed, many of them with the lower story of stone.

The equipment owned by the earlier settlers were meagre, and an inventory in a chattel mortgage given in 1888 to secure the price of the minimum requirements is enlightening. Each item is set out with the price, and the document reads as follows:

One yoke oxen $125.00
Cow and calf 37.00
One set ox-harness 9.80
One plow........ 22.50
One wagon 67.50

Lumber-290 feet 2x4┬Ěs....................................... 4.04

1132 feet boards . .. 16.50
Windows 1.20
35 pounds nails 1.40

Saw .80. hammer .37. axe .95. screwdriver .22. hay-fork

.37. rake .14, spade .64. shovel .64. Total... 4.13
Stove $12.75. fittings $5.25, pipes .89 .. 18.89

One bag flour $2.20. bag oat meal $2.50. bag beans $2.85

bag sugar $3.85 11.30
155 pounds bacon 17.05
One can syrup .. 2.40
One box soap . 2.05
Five pounds of tea .. 1.65
One bag salt. . .15
Matches .15
Pepper .25
Powder .40

Such an inventory is typical of the equipment and supplies with which many of the pioneers entered on their work.

The first sowing of wheat by the pioneers never exceeded fifteen acres. The seed was sown broadcast and harrowed in and cut with a cradle, tied by hand and threshed with a flail. In no case

Photo courtesy D. B. Wilson