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Page Index of Forest to Field Volume One

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As the family grew, so did the house. First a kitchen was added, then a bedroom, and utility room, all one storey. Finally in 1933, major changes were made which resulted in a comfortable home. Now additions had been made on all sides of the original. Henry did nearly all of the work himself, carpentry being a self-taught skill as was Emma's proficiency on the sewing machine.

In the early years Henry always worked with the Hall threshing outfit. One of the farms where they threshed was that of August Haralson where his daughter, Harriet, now lives. He was very impressed with the yard where Mr. Haralson had planted a shelterbelt and was experimenting with fruit trees and flowering shrubs. This sparked his interest in horticulture and he developed quite an impressive orchard. His first plantings were of native fruits: raspberry, gooseberry, pincherry, and high bush cranberry, and a shelter-belt of spruce. Then from Patmore Nurseries in Brandon he obtained stock of tame varieties of small fruits and tree fruits of crabapples and plums. During the onset of the drought years he carried pails and pails of water to his trees, until they were established. This resulted in an abundance of fruit to fill the cellar shelves, and some to share with friends in those depression years. A few of the crabapples still bear fruit each year, but the less adaptable varieties didn't survive in this altitude after a few years. Both the Brandon Experimental Farm and Patmore Nurseries showed considerable interest in his efforts. Picking and caring for the fruit made a busy summer for Emma and the children.

Henry Carlson Planting spruce trees.

Most farm families managed expenses with a weekly cream cheque. Because there wasn't sufficient acreage for much pasture, the number of cattle was limited to the needs of the family so a poultry flock of White Leghorns was a wiser choice. Henry was one of the first in the area to experiment with a coal-oil heated incubator, a small model holding about 50 eggs, called "The Little Grey Hen". The success of this venture resulted in the pur-

chase of a much larger model holding 265 eggs. This would be set as many as three times in the spring months. It was set up in their bedroom, and the first hatch would be kept in the utility room for a week or two until the living room heater could be moved into a granary and they could survive there until fully feathered. This was a fascinating experience for the children, seeing the chicks hatch and then fondling the little balls of yellow fluff, but it must have been a lot of work and inconvenience, especially for Emma. As soon as possible a heated brooder was also acquired. Fresh eggs and friers for sale were the mainstay for many years, especially during the depression years, even if eggs were at times as low as .05¢ per dozen and friers .25¢ each.

Emma wrote an interesting tale for her family of her recollections of the Hall journey from Sweden and their first ten years in Canada, the latter part being written in her 81st year. Now in her ninetieth year with failing eyesight and hearing, but still alert, she cares for herself in her farm home where she has lived for nearly seventy years. She worships regularly in her church, Erickson Lutheran, and participates in the women's activities there, as well as the Danver's Community Club.

Ernest, born 1915. (refer to Carlson, Ernest and Ruth) Harriet, born 1916. (refer to Lee, John and Harriet) Gordon, born 1918. After completing Grade 9 at Tales

School, he remained at home helping with the farm work. During World War Two, he enlisted with the Royal Winnipeg Rifles, was posted overseas in August, 1944, and was killed in action near Calais, France, on Sep­ tember 25, and is buried in the Calais Canadian Military Cemetery, St. Inglevert, France.

Walter, born 1920. (refer to Carlson, Walter and Hilda.)

Emma, born 1923. (refer to Wallace, David and Emma.)

Robert, born 1924. (refer to Carlson, Robert and Audrey.)


by Ernest and Ruth

Ernest - eldest child and first son of Henry and Emma Carlson was born on the family farm on March 22, 1915:

After completing Grade 9 at Tales School, he took his Grade lO in Erickson. The ensuing years he worked at home and occasionally for neighbors. He was also employed by Ted Neilson, both as a carpenter and later as a mechanic's helper in the Neilson Garage in Erickson. To earn a bit of extra cash during the mid-thirties, he rode his bicycle down No. lO Highway looking for a chance to sell young spruce trees. These he dug along road allowances near home, loaded them on his bike and delivered them for 25¢ each. He is responsible for part of the shelter belt of evergreens on the former Sanderson farm at Westmount.

In 1939, he purchased N.E. 29-18-18W. This quarter, originally school land, was first entered at the Land Titles Office in 1906 by August Iverson and he received title in 1917. No one had resided on the place except for periods of working on the land.