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Nils and Carolina Halvarson.

S.E. 29-17-18W, getting his patent in 1913. Their later years were spent with their son David and daughter-in­ law Emma until their demise.

Nils was a devoted Baptist and was a member of the Hilltop congregation. He passed away in 1928 and Carolina in 1935. Both are buried in the Hilltop Baptist Cemetery.

Otto Emmanual. (refer to Halvarson, Otto and An­ nie).

Ellen, born in Sweden, came to Canada with her mother in 1903, and spent very little time in the R.M. of Clanwilliam. She worked in Minnedosa for a number of years and then in Winnipeg. She met and married John Samuel Torrell, a young Swedish electrical engineer. They had two children: a daughter, Elzabeth, who died as an infant, and a son, David, who followed in his father's footsteps and graduated as an electrical engineer. He is married and has two children. John and Ellen lived in Winnipeg until their demise, John in 1953 and Ellen in 1960. Both are buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Winnipeg.

Signe came to Canada in 1903. She left home to work in Minnedosa and Winnipeg, where she met and married John Holmberg, and moved to the U.S.A. shortly after their marriage. John and Signe had six children and spent their later years in Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A. Signe passed away in 1970.

David. (refer to Halvarson, David and Emma).

John Efraim, the youngest child, was born in Sweden and came to Canada in 1903. He attended school in Erickson. In the R.M. of Clanwilliam, he worked at different jobs as a young man and moved to Duluth, Minn. U.S.A., where he married and had two children. John passed away in 1975.

HAL V ARSON, OTTO AND ANNIE

by Lit Wilmot and Conrad Halvarson

Otto Emmanual, eldest son of Nils and Carolina Halvarson, was born on April 9, 1885, in Soderham, Sweden. He received a meagre education and shortly

after his confirmation he and his father immigrated to Canada in 1902. On their arrival in Minnedosa he found employment with Charles Swan and Andrew Sandstrom, who were already established farmers in the Smoland and Edna districts.

In 1903, he applied for a homestead in the R.M. of Clanwilliam, Part S.E. 32-17-18W, receiving his patent in 1908. He built a small log house in the extreme southeast corner of this property, which was to serve as a home for his mother, sisters and brothers when they arrived from Sweden in 1903. Improvements were made on this property, clearing the land by hand and breaking the ground with oxen. He later built a frame house and barn. He continued working south of Minnedosa.

On November 11, 1911, he married Annie Josephine Ramgren from the Hilltop district. From this marriage there were three children; Elmer Emmanual, John Conrad and Lily Kathleen. They continued to live on 32- 17-18W until 1923, after which there was a succession of moves, working in sawmills, where Annie took on the job of cook. In 1925, arrangements were made with Adolph Tilly to live with him and they remained there until 1929, when Annie took over her brother's General Store on Main Street in Erickson. In 1931, they moved back to the Tilly farm, where they remained until 1941.

Annie acquired some milk cows, and thus began the business of selling milk to the residents of Erickson. This became a very demanding project, which required that all do their part. Annie always milked the cows herself. The duty of washing the bottles, filling them for delivery and separating the milk for the cream customers fell to Elm~r and Conrad. Annie sewed shoulder bags out of moleskin trousers to serve as milk carriers. The milk was delivered before school and after supper. After the late milking, when Lil grew older, she joined her brothers, having a lesser route to take care of. Hugo Neupert helped one summer pulling the milk around town with a hand wagon. On one occasion, when the boys weren't available, it was Lil's duty to get the milk to the customers. Adolph and Lil hit on a brilliant idea! They would deliver with a wheelbarrow, the wheelbarrow being a terrible affair with a big iron wheel, built for wood only. They filled it up with bottles and away to town they went. Needless to say, both Lil and co-worker decided that this was a terrible way to deliver the milk. Next day Adolph hitched up the horses and they got the job done.

They next acquired a Model A. What a treat to drive up and down the streets peddling their milk. With the advent of the car, another idea was born; they would sell milk to the campers at Clear Lake. To keep the milk fresh for the early morning delivery the bottles were put in wash tubs and cold water pumped around them. In a lot of respects they were lucky to have an ice-house, so it was possible to pack pieces of ice around the bottles. Needless to say, this project only lasted one season.

This period in the lives of Elmer, Conrad and Lil were exciting and happy ones. They were taught that before play they must tend to and complete the different duties allotted to them.

Otto was away most of the time. He began his road­ work career with Edwardson, then with H.G. Winslow.

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