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During World War II, Rhineland residents participated actively in the sale of Victory Bonds. In 1942 Rosenfeld received a flag in recognition of the highest war bond sales that year. Left to right: L. M. Flett, A. J. Thiessen, Ed Pokrant, A. H. Funk, J. P. Loewen, W. Coblentz.

Credit: A. J. Thiessen

organizations such as the Canadian Mennonite Relief Committee, the Red Cross and purchased Victory Bonds in record numbers. While these contributions were one way of witnessing to their non-resistant faith, they were also an attempt to placate feelings that Mennonites were not doing their part for the country.

German in language and culture, Mennonites were also open to charges of sympathizing with Germany. After the war broke out most tried to play down their Germanic roots and their connections to Germany. Subscriptions to German newspapers were cancelled, some schools stopped teaching German and almost all changed their designa­ tion on census forms from German to Dutch. In 1936, 9,263 Rhineland residents listed their origin as German but in 1941 only 77 listed themselves as German."

While most of Rhineland's residents tried to make the distinction between their attachment to the German language and support for the political aims of Nazi Germany, there were exceptions. B. 1. Klippen­ stein was attracted to the anti-semitism of the Nazi ideology and did not hesitate to argue it. 1. 1. Krueger on the other hand found the Nazi cause

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