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attractive because of its stand on Communism. "Like many of the Mennonites who had experienced the Russian Revolution first hand, Krueger viewed communism as the greatest of evils. . . If the Germans were determined to destroy communism there could be no question they were fighting for a righteous cause. "18

While most did not agree with these views it is clear that they were not solitary exceptions, causing considerable concern to the Mennonite leadership. The Nazi Movement was discussed at a Hochfeld meeting of the Blumenorter Ministerial in February of 1934 and it was agreed that members of the Church should not be permitted to be registered as members of this party. 19

Wartime Agriculture

The war years were also an important time for agriculture in the R.M. of Rhineland as diversification and mechanization continued. The labour shortage occasioned by enlistments and alternative service work also produced hardships in the municipality. To ease the labour shortage the Mennonite Advisory Committee was formed to lobby the government to gain postponements for C.O. 's who were needed on the farm. This committee, along with Church Elders, the municipal coun­ cil, Howard Winkler (MP) and Wally Miller (MLA) also worked hard to convince the government that taking Mennonite youths for selective service would seriously hurt the farming effort in Rhineland." This lobbying eventually succeeded in 1943 in getting the government to allow C. 0. 's to fill their alternative service requirements by performing agricultural duties.

Despite these postponements and alternative service in agricul­ ture, a shortage of farm labour persisted in the municipality. To solve this problem farmers increasingly shifted away from horsepower to tractors. The number of horses in the municipality fell from 4,717 in 1941 to only 2,644 in 1946 and by 1956 there were only 500 horses in Rhineland. 21

The war also had an effect on the acreage devoted to wheat. With the difficulty in marketing wheat during the war, coarse grains and row crops, which had maintained their improved prices, were increasingly grown. Com, introduced by the Morden Experimental Farm in the 1920's and 1930's gained popularity in Rhineland as an alternative to summerfallow allowing the ground to retain moisture and preventing soil drifting. It was especially well suited to the small fields around Mennonite villages which had been fragmented after years of subdivi­ sion. In 1940 the Echo reported that 50 per cent more com was being

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