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Mennonite farmers. Some would work for Mennonite farmers the whole year, working for room and board during the winter months. By hard work and frugality they were able to build their own homes after a few years. Most worked approximately seven years before they bought land. This coincided with the opening of new lands in the northern part of the municipality through better draining by 1898.25 Other German Lutherans settled in Gretna and Plum Coulee opening businesses, or adding to the expanding labour forces in the two towns. By 1900 Lutherans were a significant segment of Rhineland's population.

Table 6 Religions of People:

R.M. of Rhineland 1891 and 1901

Roman Catholic Anglican Presbyterian Methodist Lutheran Baptist


Mennonite Greek Church Various Sects Other

Not Specified

1891* 127 89 131 91 264 8837 8

3 10

1901 245 18 135 9 534 34 15 8864

24 4 8 I

* In 1891 Census of Canada gave statistics for both the Municipalities of Douglas and Rhineland despite the fact that the two were merged in 1890. Therefore the 1891 figures in this chart represents the sum of both Douglas and Rhineland statistics. Also note that Mennonites were designated as Baptists in the 1891 Census.

Source: Census of Canada 1891 and 1901.

Rosenfeld St. John's Lutheran Church built 1900.

Credit: Louis Pokrant