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.PIONEER DAYS OF MRS. GEORGE DURSTON

I was born in Cambridge, England in 1861 and lived there until I was eleven years old.

I came to Canada in 1872 along with my mother, brothers and sisters. My father (Charles Brazier) having come to Canada six months ahead of us.

Bishop McCrae was out in Canada ahead of my father. When he went back to England he persuaded my father to come out to Canada to look after the Cemetery at St. John's College, Winnipeg.

My oldest brother, William, looked after St. John's Cathedral for twenty-five years, and later brother Albert took over the work for another period of twenty-five years. They also named an avenue in Winnipeg after my brother Albert (Brazier Ave.).

The ship that I came out on was just on its second voyage, and we landed at Quebec on the St. Lawrence River. The icebergs were so numerous, we could not land at the main wharf, so we had to walk out on a floating wharf.

When we left Quebec we travelled through the U.S. to Moor­ head by rail, and when we left Moorhead for Winnipeg we came down the Red River by a boat called the "International." It was the largest of the three boats and had a wheel at the back driving it.

The Red River was so crooked that we would run into banks and have to back out and make another start, took two days to come to Winnipeg from Moorhead.

Winnipeg then had two streets of which one was main street twenty miles long from one Fort to the other, which they called Lower Fort Garry. There were just a few stores named Higgins and Young, Stobet and Eden. The hardware store was James Ash­ down who made dishes such as tin plates and mugs. There was a boarding house which was called the "Farmers Home" where they had their meals and sleeping quarters. Another store called Ballen­ tine mixed store, liquor and groceries. Fort Garry store was Hudson Bay Trading Post which kept groceries, liquor and dry goods. The Hudson Bay fixed up one of their stores for Governor Morriss to live in. There was also a barracks built outside of Fort Garrv.

. I worked for Governor Morriss for three years or the term of his office, then he left Winnipeg and went to Toronto. It wasn't long until he came back to Winnipeg to run as a Conservative candidate against Donald A. Smith who was a Liberal leader. I kept house for Governor Morriss the second time.

Winnipeg was just a "mudhole" in those davs and that is why the Indians named it Winnipeg (meaning mudhole). There was a creek running through the main street right where the Union Bank stands today. We used to walk over this creek by footbridge.

The first Riel rebellion was on in this country just before we came out. Riel being the leader told the Indians the white people were coming to take the land away from them and that they should

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