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his walls. It lasted much longer than the sod stables, and he must have used it nearly 30 years before he tore it down.

The crop of 1887 was a very good one, though of limited acreage.

The wheat was red fife and practically all of it on this side of Souris was hauled to Boissevain the winter of 1887 and '88. The railway had not got to Souris yet and the flour-mill there took only a limited quantity. Those north of the river hauled to Brandon. When the railway got to Souris in '89, the dividing line of what went to Souris and what to Boissevain, would be about where Fairfax is now. In 1898, the line through Minto, Fairfax and Elgin, cut off a lot of trade from both Souris and Boissevain.

The trails in both the summer and winter in the early days did not follow the road allowance but angled across the sections. The trails even went through a field in crop if the farmer did not stop them. The farmers in this district in hauling wheat to Boissevain made a two day trip of it. For dinner they stayed at either Hettie's or Bradley's and stayed overnight in Boissevain.

Those were stirring days in Boissevain. All the old-timers remember that colorful figure, Caleb Ryan, and no small portion of Boissevain business was done by the Nichol family in grain, lumber and general store. The old gentleman had a habit of saying when they were out of anything, that there was a carload on the way. The story goes that when a customer asked for a package of needles, out came the usual reply, "we are just out, but there is a carload on the way."

The main winter trail for hauling wood from Turtle Mountain for this district ran approximately between ranges 20 and 21 south till a few miles south of the track west of Boissevain and then angled slightly east and entered the bush by the Wassewa House. At the camp, about a mile in the bush, there were stables for about 25 teams and a bunk house for the teamsters. These of course were built of logs by the farmers themselves. The usual stopping place for dinner, both going and coming, was at Wm. Cumpstone's on 30-3~20. Some farmers often stayed in the bush and hauled out as far as Cumpstone's. Occasionally the north farmers would go to Boissevain and purchase wood from some of the storekeepers. They often would take wood in trade or to pay their bill from the south farmers. Each load was usually dumped off separately, so that the one purchasing it would have to take the load as it was brought in.


From an account by T. L. Fox

Michael Fox with his wife, the former Elizabeth Stanley, and their infant daughter Margaret, left Dublin, Ireland, for Canada in 1834. They first settled near Kingston, Ontario, where their nine