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by Mr. Kilmister, and were walking on quite unsuspicious of danger so near their own people, when suddenly the stillness was broken by the" sharp report of a rifle, and the next instant the young Indian dropped dead. As quick as a shot, a half score of hideously painted Indians sprang upon the body of their murdered victim, and in an instant had the scalp from his head, and with sharp knives made incisions down his back, and tore strips of skin from the yet quivering flesh. The Red Lake Indians then retired, flourishing their bloody trophies, and concentrated their forces with alacrity and cunning, probably expecting an open attack, but the Sioux did not expose themselves.

Presently the young Sioux Chief rose, Phoenix like, from his hiding place, and challenged the Red Lake band to come and fight like men, endeavoring to incite them to war by calling them cowards and murderers, but all their endeavors failed, for the Red Lake men returned to the Lake, thus practically ending the Indian warfare in this district.

The next year, the Sioux Indians again levied blackmail on Picheiro, but they could not make anything out of him, for like all grea t schemers he never once showed his hand.

Picheito had five sons, of whom Kaseaway, the well-known trader of the north-west, is the eldest. The last time Kaseaway was down here he had over two hundred carts, so it is evident that the success which attended his father is also attending him.

Picheito died somewhere in the Qu' Appelle Valley a bou t the year 1872. The removal of the old house, which was once the great pride of Picheito and the envy of the settlers, recalls the somewhat romantic events of this story to the writer, and it is hoped they will be interesting to the many readers of this paper". (End of Quote.)

When you came to the "scalping" part of his story, you probably shuddered and said, "How horrible! How cruel! How terrible!" and indeed it was. You might also be associating this gruesome practice with all Indians, and condemning them as the originators of it, which is unfair, unkind and untrue.

R. M. Connelly, a Regional Director with the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development says, "It's a historical fact that in the early days of the U.S. some governments in the Thirteen Colonies paid bounty money for every Indian murdered. Settlers had to show proof of kill before they could cash in, so they got into the habit of bringing scalps to the local bounty agent. It didn't take the Indians too long before they learned to repay their friendly neighbors in kind."