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Many of us remember when wolves' ears had to be produced as proof of kill to collect bounty money; there was also the proof required for crows, which were legs, and gophers, which were tails. It's a very disturbing thought, that people's scalps were, at one time, in the same category!

Following the explorers, Archdeacon Cochrane and sixteen set­ tlers were the first white people who came into contact with the Indians in the Portage la Prairie area. The Church Missionary Society Record stated that in 1852, when Mr. W. W. Kirby took a census, there were sixteen white families, 112 people living in ten houses, and seven Indian tents inhabited by ten families, with a total of 33 Indians in them.

The census would very likely be taken in the immediate vicinity of Archdeacon Cochrane's proposed mission, and not include count­ less square miles where a census was not possible.

An indication of brotherliness and co-operation in 1852 can be read in the church records which states: "The Indians and settlers have lived in the hope of soon seeing a Missionary placed among them, and they have prepared all the timber for a Church and a grist-mill."

In those days, as has been stated in the above narrative, the Indians lived in tepees. That would, no doubt, be in the summer­ time only. Log cabins would provide more warmth during our prairie winters. This is verified later in the narrative. Time has phased out the quaint old summer dwelling-places and eventually, with the pass-