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But no sooner than Mr. MacDougall arrived at Pembina, a port in American territory, than a portion of the settlers at the Red River known as French Half-breeds sent a party of twenty to drive him back, but by this time he had proceeded as far as the Hudson's Bay Fort at Pembina but on British soil, where he intended to lodge until he put himself in communication with the government at Red River, so that he would know what best to do in the matter. But on his arrival at the Fort, he was met by the' party and ordered off British soil, which of course he refused to do. They then gave him until 9 'oclock the next day (9th of October, 1869). He remained all night at the Fort and at 9 next morning the half-breeds renewed their demands, but now with threats, so that the only course left for Mr. MacDougall was to retire into Yankee territory for safety, he not having any force with him.

Things were in a mixed manner till about 1st of December when Mr. MacDougall issued a proclamation, said at the time to be the Queen's, but in reality proved to be Mr. MacDougall's without the authority of the Queen. The proclamation was brought into the settlement by Col. Dennis, the chief of surveyors that had com­ menced to survey the settlement, but had to stop, being forbidden by the half-breeds with Louis Riel at the head. When the colonel arrived in the settlement with the proclamation he called for volun­ teers to sustain him and defend the Queen's authority, which the Canadians in the country believed it to be and turned out to sustain it.

In the town of Winnipeg, where a quantity of Government provisions was stored at the time, the Canadians turned out, I believe to a man. They armed and drilled in case that the French would come to remove the government stuff after guarding it. As they said, the French did come and take an account of Dr. Schultz's goods, and in whose house the Canadians were assembled. Dennis, it appears, was not so sanguine of success as the doctor and his associ a tes, for on the 4th of Dec. he (the colonel) sen t an order for them to come down to the Scotch settlement, fortify themselves in the Scotch church, provided they could obtain permission from Mr. Black, the minister in charge, and if they could not, then to get as strong a position as possible. Probably they could get a house owned by one Prudhomme, but which was in the lower end of the settle­ ment (at that time). But Major Boulton who was in charge of the force (in fact he got up the force) thought differently and did not obey the order, told the men that the order was conditioned and stopped it. In the doctor's house till the "7th of Dec. when the French forced them to surrender, which they did and then without condi-

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